Product Description

Medicines

Insecticides; Drugs that kill insects.
Fungicides; Drugs that kill fungi.
Bactericides; Drugs that kill bacteria.
Herbicides; Drugs that kill grasses.
Nematicides; Drugs that kill nemotides.
Acaricides; Drugs that kill mites.
Mollusites; Are drugs that kill molluscs (snails).
Rodenticides; Drugs that kill rodents.
Avisitler; Drugs that kill birds.
Fungicides can be classified according to their formulations as follows:
- Dust
- Wettable powder
- Soluble powder
-Emulsion concentrate (E.C)
-Likit (Solution)
-Little concentrate (L.C)
Flawable (F)
-Fluid concentrate (F.C)
-Ultra low volume (U.L.V.)
-Gas remedies
-Aerosol
It is necessary to have the ability to be thrown together with other pesticides besides the properties sought for the drugs used against plant diseases, these drugs being easily available and cheap, other desired properties.
Mixability of Drugs
The use of pesticides in combination with each other is important in terms of economy. For example, the combined use of an insecticide and a fungicide provides substantial savings in tool amortization and in particular labor costs. Insecticides such as these can be used intermixing an insecticide with an acaricide, an insecticide with a fungicide or an acaricide with a fungicide. In this way, if the medicines are mixed with each other, they must not lose their properties and should not harm the plants.
It is possible that the medicines can be mixed with each other in order to protect the stability of the effective substance. Generally, drugs of the same formulation can be mixed with each other unless they are registered.
Stability is ensured by the presence of the active substance in an acid or alkaline medium. Accordingly, when an effective substance in an acid medium and an active substance in an alkali medium are mixed with each other, the stability of both substances can not be maintained. In this case, these two active substances can not be mixed with each other.
In addition to the benefits that pesticides use when mixed with each other, they also bring about disadvantages such as increased phytotoxicity, build-up of a full-scale shot, and difficulty in calibrating. In order to reduce these disadvantages, it is necessary to avoid using it by mixing more pesticides than possible. It is also necessary to pay attention to the following points.
- Labels of the desired pesticides should be read thoroughly and the written recommendations should be followed.
- Preliminary information should be obtained from existing pre-prepared mix charts.
- Consult manufacturer or authorized technical staff.
For general mixing, water wettable powders must first be added followed by aqueous concentrates, water soluble powders, emulsion concentrate formulations, respectively.
Nevertheless, if there is hesitation, a preliminary test should be done. For this, add a glass goblet ½ liter of water and add the two pesticides to be admixed in the order of the appropriate dose and mix well. It may be inconvenient to mix these two pesticides if there are appearances such as oil droplets, solid particles, bottom sediment after one hour has elapsed.
Another important issue is the mixing of leaf blight and pesticides. For this, it is decided that some pesticides are miscible by applying the above test
Drug Preparation and Medication Conditions
In order to determine the amount of water to be used in order to distribute the determined amount of pesticides in the unit area in the drug preparation, it is called process calibration before the application. Calibration is an important process for homogeneously distributing the dose in pesticides. Calibration determines the amount of water to be consumed per unit area. Pesticide is added according to the amount of water found and appropriate spraying is done.
The quantity to be used with the calibration is found by the formula.
I = 60 x A x t
G x H
I: the amount of water to be consumed
A: The nozzle to be used is called the spray nozzle
T: breast yield (lt / min)
G: width of the spraying strip (m)
H: speed of application (km / h)
60 fixed numbers
Example: The amount of water to be consumed in a pulverizer with a dispensing pipe of 4.50 liters / min, 13 nozzles and a working width of 10 m and a spraying speed of 6 km / h in a motorized pulverizer;
I = 60 x 13 x 4.5 = 58.5 lt / da
10 x 6
Pesticides lose their toxicity over time, usually under the influence of environmental conditions such as temperature, light, rainfall, after being planted. After a certain period of time, the amount of toxic residue falls below the tolerance value. In order for the amount of residue to fall below the tolerance value, the waiting period is called the waiting period. The products must not be harvested and consumed until the time given in the day.
The waiting period in pesticides is very important in terms of human and animal health since it is the period between the last application and harvest.
Waiting time in pesticides;
- Pesticide variety,
- a variety of cultivated plants,
- evaluation of the culture plant,
- It depends on factors such as climate conditions.
In our country, however, our farmers can not be expected to wait for pesticides. Immediately after the medication, it is often seen that the harvest was made. The only solution is to follow the waiting period so that the pesticide residues on the products are below the tolerance value.
When preparing for medication, the application should be done with powdered medicines, with the original powder and dusters from the medicinal plant. The dose is the amount of the drug administered per unit area (weight) over the active substance. The dose to be dosed in each package of medicine is 100 liters or more. The amount of dose to be administered is adjusted accordingly.
Formulations diluted with water and sprayed (such as WP and EC) should be prepared by taking care of the solution. For this, first put water in the drug tank, add medicine on it and fill the tank with water. At this time, the mixer of the spraying tank needs to work. Another way of doing this is to mix the drug with water in a small amount in a separate container, transfer it to the spraying tank and fill the tank with water.
During wettable powder formulations, it should be left for a while to allow foaming, which occurs during mixing with water, to be added to the tank afterwards.
The prepared solution should be used as soon as possible. Because it can be collapsed during waiting, and the degree of hardness of the water used for dilution also has an effect on the activity of the drug.
There are certain rules that must be observed and cautioned when pesticides are applied. We can summarize them as follows:
A) Medication should be done in cool hours. It must be chosen early in the morning or late in the evening.
B) Especially below 10 ° C and above 30 ° C should not be sprayed. In both temperatures, medicines have an adverse effect on plants.
C) When medication is being given, care should be taken to ensure that the medicinal product is evenly distributed throughout the plant.
D) The medication should be continued at certain intervals.
E) The disease or harmful has to be detected correctly and the correct drug should be selected.
F) Attention should be paid to health rules during pesticide application.
Application of Drugs
Pesticides are used in various forms for protection and treatment of diseases and harmful plants.
A) Application in the form of green components: In general, it is the method applied against the diseases that occur in the organs of the plants above the ground. The spraying is done by spraying, dusting, fogging and sprinkling. Since most fungicides and bactericides have protective properties, they must be applied to cover every side of the plant surface in order to prevent infection.
These medicines on the plant surface usually do not allow germination of fungal spores, or spores can die after germination. They also cause their deaths as they prevent them from multiplying in bactericides. Recently developed systemic medicines have been used to treat root diseases
Preventing.
The chemical substances are applied as dust or liquid in the green parts of the spray. However, liquid sprays are more effective. Powder medicines must be applied on the leaves in order to stick to the leaf tissues. The spraying should be done especially immediately after the rainy periods. Because germination of spores is in the form of a film of water or at least in highly humid environments. In particular, medicines that do not wash through the surface of the leaves can be applied before the rainy season.
During the spraying, the entire plant surface must be coated with the drug in a homogeneous manner. Therefore, the tissues which tend to grow continuously should be used more frequently. This time is 3-5 days. Advanced tissues should be sprayed at intervals of 7-14 days or longer. The duration of the pesticide depends on the nature of the disease, the frequency and duration of the rains.
Spray spraying: Drugs used for this purpose are sprayed into plants in the form of suspension, emulsion or solution in water. Tools such as a pulverizer or atomizer are used for this. Drips should remain on the plant for 2-3 hours in order to ensure better plant removal by spraying with systemic effect.
Powder spraying: It is used less than spraying. Hand, back or motorized dusting tools are used in the dust.
Fogging: This method is mainly used for insecticides and acaricides. It is mostly applied in closed areas. The particle size is small and 3-8 lt of water is used in hectare. In recent years these ornamental and vegetable plants are being applied in the greenhouses even if they are not very common.
B) Seed spraying: Seed, onion, lump etc. Based on the spraying of propagation materials. This medication eliminates the pathogens found on or within the intended tissues or prevents pathogens found in the soil from infecting these tissues. This practice is intended to protect the production material from certain disease agents on, within, or within the soil. The systemic-acting seed remedies developed in recent years can protect plants from both soil and airborne disease agents by as much as one turn. There is a significant increase in seed pesticides in this. Seed spraying is applied in different forms.
Seed spraying is done by spraying the seeds with powdered medicines or in the form of dense suspension with the medicines as well as immersing them in the medicated solution. Tubers, onions, steel and roots are sprayed this way.
Dry seed drilling: Drinking with special formulations (prepared as seeds) with drums or dosers by means of automatic and continuous running tools. It is ensured that the medicinal agent is distributed homogeneously on the seed surface. Medication should usually be done just before sowing. In general 100 to 250 gr of medicines are used for 100 kg seeds.
Injection of medicinal liquid: In this method, seed or other propagation material is kept in the drug mixture or suspension for a while. The seeds need to be dried after the spraying, which should be noted here. In recent years, more onions (tulips, daffodils, mills, hyacinths) and ovaries have been applied in the form of immersion in 1% and 2% fungicide solution for 20-30 minutes. Thus, the plants are protected from the outbreaks.
C) Soil pesticides: Many harmful organisms live in the soil. Soil pesticides are applied to fungal, animal organisms and weeds in the soil by different methods. It will be mentioned in the weed part for soil treatment in weeds.
Soil fungicides: Soil fungicides are chemical substances used against soil disease agents. These are applied directly to the soil surface as well as mixed with the soil. Applications take place before planting, before exiting and when cultivating plants. The application can also be done in the form of drinking fungicidal life water after sowing or planting. There are also applications in the form of giving the drug several times with irrigation water during the development of the plant.
Soil disinfection: It is made against soil pathogens, soil fungi, different nematode species, weed seeds and sub-soil vegetative propagation organs. The preparations used have a gas effect. This practice is called soil fumigation, and the preparations used are called fumigants.
Methyl bromide, formaldehyde and dazomet are the most commonly used medicines in soil chemical treatment. These drugs are applied to the soil in various ways. During application the soil water capacity should not fall below 70% and the soil temperature below 10 oC. Depending on the type of fumigant used, the soil surface is covered with a plastic cover and a heavy roller. After waiting for a certain period of time, the soil is ventilated and the entire remains of the fumigant are removed before sowing.
In soil disinfection with dazomet in the granular structure, soil cultivation is prepared and processed well. It is kept in a water capacity of 50-60% for the germination of weeds for two weeks and the continuation of life activity in the soil. In the meantime, the soil temperature should not fall below 6 oC. Dazomet is spread evenly on the soil surface and is ground to a depth of 20 cm and mixed thoroughly. The soil is covered with very light irrigation. Depending on the temperature, seeding is done at 6-8 oC for 30-40 days and at 15-18 oC for 18 days. Sowing should be done after controlling for soil drug residues. In this application, the effective dose recommended for 25 cm soil depth is 60 gr / m2.
Mostly methyl bromide is used most of the time, especially in the disinfection of soil and mortars. Gaseous methyl bromide is recommended in m2 at a dose of 50 gr. It has a large domain and is effective in a short wait. After the soil or the waste is covered with plastic, the methyl bromide tube is blown. The duration of the effect is 48 hours. Afterwards the cover is removed and the soil is planted after the soil is well ventilated.